Thinking critically


Thinking critically means questioning the information that you read or hear, instead of just accepting it as true.

It means evaluating evidence and arguments. In other words, you think about them carefully and decide how good or bad they are.

For example, an article by Professor Prune of Ipswich University found that zoo animals preferred to eat bananas. By carefully reading his article, you discover a problem with the research methods. You decide to mention this limitation in your essay:

Prune’s conclusion that zoo animals exhibit a strong preference for bananas over all other kinds of food ignores a major weakness in the research. All of his data was collected from the zoo’s monkey house (Prune, 2021).

Prune, A. (2021) ‘Food preferences among zoo animals: a statistical analysis’, Journal of Banana Studies, 14(8), pp. 211-214. Available at: