In 1986 Ray Williams formulated 10 principles for teaching EFL reading. They included:
- In the absence of interesting texts, very little is possible.
- The primary activity of a reading lesson should be learners reading texts—not listening to the teacher, not reading comprehension questions, [etc.].
In 2002 Richard Day and Julian Bamford devised 10 principles for teaching extensive reading:
- The reading material is easy.
- A variety of reading material on a wide range of topics must be available.
- Learners choose what they want to read.
- Learners read as much as possible.
- The purpose of reading is usually related to pleasure, information and general understanding.
- Reading is its own reward.
- Reading speed is usually faster rather than slower.
- Reading is individual and silent.
- Teachers orient and guide their students.
- The teacher is a role model of a reader.
These points are also discussed in Extensive reading in ELT: Why and how?
Day, R. and Bamford, J. (2002) ‘Top Ten Principles for Teaching Extensive Reading’, Reading in a Foreign Language, 14(2). http://nflrc.hawaii.edu/rfl/October2002/day/day.html
Watkins, P. (2018) Extensive reading in ELT: Why and how?. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Cambridge Papers in ELT. http://languageresearch.cambridge.org/images/Language_Research/CambridgePapers/CambridgePapersinELT_ExtensiveReading_2017_ONLINE.pdf
Williams, R. (1986) ‘”Top ten” principles for teaching reading’, ELT Journal, 40(1), pp. 42–45. https://doi-org.ueaezproxy.uea.ac.uk:2443/10.1093/elt/40.1.42