Compounds are words formed from two (or more) words. For example,
black + board = blackboard.
They can be spelled in three ways:
as a single word:
flowerpot as two words:
flower pot with a hyphen:
So which one should you choose?
A linguist has devised a rule which she says works for 75% of words:
Compound verbs, adjectives and adverbs – use a hyphen (
blow-dry, world-famous, well-nigh) Compound nouns:
3+ syllables – use a space (
bathing suit) 2 syllables:
second part has 2 letters – use a hyphen (
make-up) second part has 3+ letters – as a single word (
You can read more on
My even simpler rule: if you’re not sure, write it as a single word: blowdry, worldfamous, wellnigh, bathingsuit and makeup. Even if it’s wrong, it looks cuttingedge.
post on All Things Linguistic says:
The International Phonetic Alphabet is really one of those useful life skills that everyone should learn. Trying to write about speech sounds without the IPA is like trying to write about music sounds by just making up your own musical notation.
The post provides three links:
report on the death of law blogs was an exaggeration. It turns out there are more survivors:
No doubt there are even more, but these are enough for now.
Update: Added The Secret Barrister.
The Guardian has a mathematical puzzle by Alex Bellos. For example, this is from the puzzle for 31 December 2018:
Fill the blanks in the following equation, so that it makes arithmetical sense:
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 = 2019
You are allowed to use any of the basic mathematical operations, +, –, x, ÷, and as many brackets as you like.
There are various solutions, including this one:
((10 × 9 × 8) – (7 × 6) – 5) × ((4 –3) + (2 × 1))
Most law blogs seem to die after a few years. Current survivors include:
They have links to more blogs, though many are extinct.
Update: More law blogs
Some non-native speakers of English appear to confuse L and R sounds. People from Japan are particularly famous for this. It is a stereotype sometimes used in films with Asian characters, such as
Lost in Translation.
This video looks at the different L and R sounds in English (such as clear L, dark L, tapped R and bunched R) and why native speakers of Japanese, Korean, Mandarin and Cantonese may have difficulty pronouncing them.
Vox via All Things Linguistic
There are numerous blogs on economics and related subjects, with new posts every week. One blog that regularly provides links to them is
It also has a permanent list of about 150 blogs.
Even if you are not particularly interested in economics, many of these blogs discuss other current issues too.
Do you know what the preposition
above means? And how it is different from on? What if you needed this information to defuse a time bomb?
Watch this video from Utrecht University:
All Things Linguistic
This year the
Norfolk & Norwich Festival will be held between 10th and 26th May. There are events in various categories: music, dance, theatre, etc.
If you are under 26, most tickets cost £7.50. A few events are free.
The University of Manchester Library has some
online resources on study skills. For example:
There are many others – on maths, referencing, revision, statistics, reading, research, etc.