Politics words

Some words used to talk about politics. Click on a word to see the definition.

A

accountability

In July, the House Financial Services Committee moved a bill containing reforms to foster accountability at the World Bank.

activist

Human rights activists have denounced as a sham the trial of a leading Chinese civil rights lawyer.

administration

The Trump administration told the organisation last week that “it should cease all work on the study”.

adviser

One of Donald Trump’s advisers has said he has no intention of removing himself from the president’s evangelical advisory board.

affair

The Chinese Foreign Ministry said the jailings were an internal affair.

agenda

President Trump’s agenda is likely to be delayed six to 12 months and will be a deterrent for the markets.

allegiance

The interior minister and other government representatives pledged allegiance to the king at a ceremony that lasted only ten minutes.

alliance

Iraq and Saudi Arabia are negotiating a new alliance that would give Riyadh a leading role in rebuilding Iraq’s war-torn towns and cities.

ally

China, North Korea’s lone major ally, has repeatedly said it is committed to enforcing increasingly tough U.N. resolutions on North Korea.

amendment

The amendment to the relevant clause in the 2014 charter would have to be approved by a national referendum.

anarchism

Spanish anarchism adhered to a libertarian communist vision for society according to the work of theorist Mikhail Bakunin.

assassination

Last week, the National Archives released thousands of documents related to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

asylum

Canada is facing an “unprecedented” number of asylum seekers, who have crossed the border from the United States.

atrocity

Police believe the property was being used as a bomb-making factory to carry out a much larger atrocity before it was accidentally destroyed.

authority

A new authority will keep watch over Victoria’s worst sex offenders after their release from prison.

autocratic

2011’s uprisings paved the way for the temporary collapse of autocratic rule in several countries.

autonomy

It is 20 years since China regained sovereignty over Hong Kong, promising to allow the territory civic freedoms and a “high degree of autonomy”.

B

ballot

A vote on a no-confidence motion that could oust Jacob Zuma is to be held as a secret ballot.

bias

Jeremy Paxman’s election grilling of Theresa May and Jeremy Corbyn received almost 100 complaints about political bias.

border

Qatar has confirmed that Saudi Arabia will open its border to allow Qatar’s Muslim pilgrims to attend the annual Hajj in Mecca.

boundary

West Norfolk Council has published its proposals for where ward boundaries should be changed to reduce the number of elected members.

boycott

Cambridge University Press must reject China’s “disturbing” censorship demands or face a potential boycott of its publications, academics have warned.

branch

The Georgia branch of the US Republican party have voted unanimously to oppose any new casino or horseracing bills.

bribe

Almost a third of adult Nigerians pay civil servants and other public officials bribes totaling 400-billion naira ($1.27bn) annually.

broadcast

Hong Kong’s public broadcasting service is set to halt its 24-hour BBC World Service broadcast and replace it with Chinese state programming.

budget

The US Secret Service is facing a strain on its budget due in part to President Donald Trump’s large family and multiple properties.

bureaucracy

Like other developing countries, Brazil’s dense bureaucracy creates a maze of hoops that can make everyday tasks a nightmare.

C

cabinet

A new Iranian cabinet unveiled by President Hassan Rouhani has prompted criticism of the all-male line-up.

campaign

The head of the Philippines Catholic Church has criticised the government’s bloody campaign against drugs.

candidate

Liberian presidential candidate Benoni Urey has promised to set up a war crimes tribunal to bring closure to victims of the civil war.

capitalism

A study by Harvard University showed that 51% of Americans between the ages of 18 and 29 no longer support capitalism.

ceasefire

The leaders of France and Germany called for an immediate ceasefire in eastern Ukraine.

citizen

New Zealand’s government has confirmed that Australia’s deputy prime minister, Barnaby Joyce, is a dual citizen.

civil service

Former prime minister Tony Blair has criticised the UK civil service, saying there is a “genuine problem with the bureaucracy” of the country.

civilian

At least 42 civilians, including 19 children, were killed in US-led coalition airstrikes against Raqqa.

coalition

German Chancellor Angela Merkel ruled out any coalition deals prior to the federal election on September 24.

colonialism

Any careful analysis will show that British colonialism still plays a major role in the tragedies and disasters we see in Africa today.

commentator

An alt-right commentator who complained about the BBC portraying Roman Britain as ethnically diverse has sparked a row with a historian on Twitter.

commission

The European Commission has started an in-depth investigation of Bayer’s planned $66 billion takeover of U.S. seeds group Monsanto.

committee

The Senate committee is one of several investigating Russia’s interference in the 2016 election.

communism

The Venezuelan Bishops’ Conference has pleaded for the intercession of the Virgin Mary to free their country from the “claws of communism and socialism”.

community

A Louisiana Democratic representative argued that the black community has lost a lot under President Donald Trump.

compromise

Egypt has said that the four Arab states will accept no compromise in their dispute with Qatar over allegations that Doha supports “terrorism”.

conference

Pro-EU campaigners are planning to stage one of their biggest “stop Brexit” marches outside the Conservative party conference this autumn.

conflict

Indian and Chinese military forces are reported to be preparing for the possibility of an armed conflict over a disputed area in the Himalayas.

confrontation

Senior U.S. national security officials said Sunday that a military confrontation with North Korea is not imminent.

consensus

However, by Friday night, no announcement was forthcoming as the two sides were yet to arrive at a consensus.

conservative

Iran’s supreme leader has appointed a conservative cleric to head a council that mediates disputes between government bodies.

conspiracy

Australia’s prime minister Malcolm Turnbull has accused New Zealand’s Labour party of a “conspiracy” to try to bring down his government.

constituency

Political parties are paying particular attention to four constituencies where the number of seats has changed for the next general election.

constitution

In Nepal, a political debate over an amendment to the Constitution has failed to make headway.

corruption

A Papua New Guinea writer says he doubts there is enough political will to create an independent anti-corruption body.

coup

On August 19, 1991, a coup orchestrated by hard-line Communists removed Mikhail Gorbachev as president of the Soviet Union.

crisis

The housing crisis in Northern Ireland has particularly deeply rooted issues.

D

debate

The country’s first presidential debate was held on August 17 with only six candidates selected to lay out their plans for the Liberian people.

delegate

The ANC caucus in Parliament has refused to meet with delegates from the Israeli unicameral Parliament.

delegation

White House adviser Jared Kushner is leading a delegation of Trump administration officials to the Middle East.

demand

Seoul could not concede to Washington’s “one-sided” demands, South Korean Trade Minister Kim Hyun-chong told reporters.

democracy

For seven decades, India has remained the world’s most populous democracy.

demonstration

Two protesters were killed and 13 others wounded in Togo on Saturday when security forces opened fire to break up demonstrations against the ruling Gnassingbe family dynasty.

development

Australia’s market-led development model underpins the gentrification reshaping our cities.

devolution

Any further devolution of powers to the region should provide enhanced support for local small firms.

dictatorship

A peaceful solution to unrest and political turmoil in Venezuela is possible even as the country appears headed for dictatorship.

diplomat

Russia has ordered 755 US diplomats to leave its country within the next month as a furious response to sanctions imposed by the United States.

discrimination

Almost half of Muslims in the US say they have experienced discrimination in the past year, a study by the Pew Research Center suggests.

dissent

The decision reflects US frustrations over Cairo’s crackdown on dissent and restrictions on civil liberties.

dissident

Liu Xia, the widow of China’s most famous dissident, has made her first appearance since his death.

donor

President Trump dined on Thursday night at his Bedminster golf club with a handful of the right’s most generous donors.

dynasty

As world leaders have come and gone, North Korea’s Kim dynasty has remained in power.

E

egalitarian

Recent commentary on levels of inequality exposes the myth that Australia is an egalitarian society in which the privileges of birth have little currency.

election

Angolans vote in elections on Wednesday that will mark the end of President José Eduardo dos Santos’s rule.

electorate

Gerry Adams has claimed the DUP is “disrespecting” the north’s electorate by ignoring the concerns of a majority who voted to remain within the EU.

elite

Our analysis shows how many of the properties are owned by members of the global elite, which critics say is a key factor in London’s housing crisis.

equality

Tunisian president Beji Caid Essebsi has vowed to increase gender equality in the country.

establishment

It is the ingrained instinct of the US business and military establishment to treat the presidency with great respect.

ethnicity

Ethnicity plays a big part in Kenya’s elections, with many people voting along communal lines.

executive

The Hatch Act of 1939 prohibits federal executive-branch employees from engaging in partisan political events.

exploitation

Australia should create an independent anti-slavery commissioner to fight the practice of modern slavery and worker exploitation.

extremism

Extremism has always been with us, but the internet has allowed ideas that advocate hate and violence to reach more and more people.

F

faction

Six months after the AIADMK split into two factions, the Puratchi Thalaivi Amma (PTA) faction and the other, AIADMK (Amma), formally merged on Monday.

fascism

The violent white nationalist rally in Virginia has reawakened simmering fears of American fascism.

federal

The three tiers of government – federal, states and local governments – shared N2.788 trillion between January and June this year.

follower

The group has antecedents in Europe, especially Germany and Italy, where its early followers traded shots with Nazis in the 1930s and fought against Benito Mussolini’s Blackshirts

foreign policy

Adopting a foreign policy that prioritizes gender equality and human rights could help define post-Brexit Britain as a positive force in the world.

franchise

Not only do young people deserve a vote, but evidence suggests that extending the franchise would increase turnout.

freedom

The Somali government on Tuesday pledged to enhance freedom of expression as well as plans to develop media.

fundamentalism

The growth of religious fundamentalism spurred re-adoption of headcovers and face-veils.

G

genocide

In what is often called the twentieth century’s first genocide, the German colonial authorities set out systematically to exterminate two ethnic groups, the Herero and the Nama.

globalization

They argue that globalization has benefited the elites and penalized the ordinary workers and that governments should put America/Britain/France first.

governance

As the Chinese state has been sponsoring a large-scale modernization in the nation, it has also faced a series of governance crises.

government

British retailers have called for the government to take tougher action on tackling obesity.

green

Green parties emerged in the 1970s and 1980s in most of Western Europe in a time of economic growth and welfare system expansion.

H

health care

The upside to all the political drama was months of discussion over what kind of health care Americans really need.

hegemony

Russia is one of the few nations able to challenge US hegemony.

hierarchy

Tian used to work under Wang Qishan, who ranks sixth in the Communist Party hierarchy and oversees Xi Jinping’s signature anti-corruption campaign.

I

identity

Students are protesting for official recognition of their identities, whether racial, ethnic, sexual, religious, first-generation, low-income or immigrant.

ideology

The “death of ideology” thesis is a highly ideological confidence trick designed to render the tools of democratic challenge obsolete.

immigrant

Vancouver and Quebec City were the locations of two anti-immigrant demonstrations and resulting counter-protests this past weekend.

imperialism

The current crisis is the outcome of a policy of naked aggression pursued by US imperialism for the past quarter-century in the Middle East.

incumbent

A local political activist has joined the race for mayor, against two others including incumbent Mayor Don Iveson.

independence

The debate about Catalonian independence has always been a heated, complex one in Spain.

individual

We support the principles of individual liberty, a free market economy and limited constitutional government: These are the cornerstones of American society.

inequality

Research repeatedly shows the link between high levels of income inequality and low levels of social mobility.

influence

China and Russia are close allies of North Korea and can wield influence over the pariah state due to deep economic and business ties.

injustice

At the heart of the Middle East is the historic injustice in Palestine.

insecurity

Mr Twaha acknowledged that insecurity, caused by constant Al-Shabaab raids in various parts of the county had affected tourism and other development activities.

instability

Aizaz said that the instability in Afghanistan has caused problems for Pakistan.

institution

It has become one of the most cited characteristics of our society; we have a fundamental distrust of institutions.

interest group

It’s part of a pattern from this administration of ignoring or suppressing facts that don’t match their ideological agenda or the preferences of powerful interest groups.

intervention

Asked about the possibility of a military intervention in response to the mounting crisis in the country, Trump said that is something the United States “certainly could pursue.”

invasion

The British government saw Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait as an “unparalleled opportunity” to sell arms to Gulf states.

issue

The Bharatiya Janata Party national leadership is making a concerted bid to keep the issue of political violence in the State alive.

J

journalist

Burmese authorities arrested an award-winning investigative journalist at Yangon International Airport as he was preparing to fly to Bangkok.

judiciary

Poland’s rightwing government has been accused of dragging the country back in time as its ministers moved a step closer to taking control of the judiciary.

L

leadership

Ukip’s decision to allow an ‘anti-Islam’ campaigner onto the leadership ballot has threatened to split the party in two.

left

McLaughlin, who is on the left of her party, is not sure if there is a Labour revival.

legislation

New legislation will be even tougher than the ‘right to be forgotten’ allowing people to ask search engines to take down links to news items.

legislature

Global Witness calls upon the Liberian legislature to pass a Land Rights Act (LRA) that protects the land rights of rural Liberians.

legitimacy

The legitimacy of a recent by-election in Tuvalu is being disputed, with some opposition MPs saying it should never have happened.

liberalism

Political liberalism is the recognition that opposed views on any policy issue are legitimate and valid.

liberation

Hamas official Ashraf Abu Zayed said the training came within the framework of “preparing for the liberation of Palestine”.

M

majority

A majority of Americans think Confederate monuments should be preserved in public spaces, according to a Reuters/Ipsos opinion poll.

mandate

The European Council will decide in October whether to give the EU negotiating team the mandate to move onto future trade agreements.

Marxism

It’s important to first realize that Marxism at root is a theory of economic history.

measure

Campaign leader Anne Knol calls it “absolutely necessary that measures be taken quickly to make the air healthier”.

media

President Donald Trump ratcheted up his attacks on the news media at a rally in Phoenix on Tuesday.

militant

Between 2011 and 2013, the authorities turned a blind eye to Moroccan jihadis joining the ranks of militants fighting in Syria’s civil war.

minority

Minority ethnic families in the UK earn as much as £8,900 a year less than their white British counterparts, according to a study.

movement

Three leaders of Hong Kong’s democracy movement have been sentenced to jail for their roles in 2014 pro-democracy protests.

myth

The centrality of the Second World War to the national myth warps our view of history and our place in the world.

N

nation

Rawalpindi – which became part of the new nation of Pakistan – was among the cities worst hit by violence.

nationalism

European Union chiefs have condemned nationalism and xenophobia on the Black Ribbon Day of Remembrance for the victims of all totalitarian and authoritarian regimes across the continent.

negotiation

North American countries concluded their first round of negotiations toward a new continental trade agreement.

NGO

Cambodia on Wednesday closed a prominent American NGO and ordered its foreign staff to leave the country.

O

occupation

The Israeli government wants the High Court of Justice to stop viewing Area C of the West Bank as being in a state of belligerent occupation.

official

A White House official sought to reassure Wall Street, telling reporters that “nothing has changed”.

opponent

The international community condemned the detention of two political opponents of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro.

opposition

Kenya’s opposition has alleged that results from more than a third of polling stations in this month’s presidential election contained “fatal and irredeemable irregularities”.

oppression

These statues, for their opponents, signify the oppression of African Americans under slavery and the Jim Crow segregation laws.

P

parliament

Military personnel locked down the nation’s parliament and blocked a no-confidence vote.

participant

Some participants in Saturday’s “Free Speech Rally” on Boston Common are rejecting the idea they are bigots affiliated with hate groups.

party

A Labour source said party members have long wanted more time for grassroots activists to speak from the floor of the conference.

patriotism

The Government’s effort to instil patriotism and promote national unity among all Malaysians will not succeed without the support of all parties.

persecution

The Ahmadiyya community has always lived under the shadow of persecution in Pakistan.

pluralism

The Hebrew University promotes respectful dialogue and supports pluralism and freedom of academic and religious expression.

policy

Drug policy is an area that many politicians would prefer not to talk about.

politician

Just weeks away from the German election, arsonists have set fire to vehicles belonging to a high-profile politician.

poll

The vast majority of British Jews believe the Labour Party is too tolerant of anti-Semitism, the results of a new poll suggest.

power

As Hobbes has stated and as Pakistan’s own political history bears out, the scramble for power is red in tooth and claw.

president

Indonesian President Joko Widodo has instructed his country’s police force to shoot drug dealers.

prime minister

A former prime minister of Libya has been released after being held for a week by an armed group.

progress

Hopes of kicking off post-Brexit free trade talks between the UK and the EU may have been dashed because of the slow progress in the two-year-long divorce negotiations.

propaganda

North Korea has released propaganda posters boasting that the US mainland is “within our strike range!”.

proposal

German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble is working on a proposal that would allow southern eurozone countries to tap into the single currency bloc’s bailout fund.

protest

Israeli police have blocked a weekly protest calling on the country’s attorney-general to charge its Prime Minister with corruption.

R

racism

US Army Chief of Staff General Mark Milley wrote on Twitter: ‘The Army doesn’t tolerate racism, extremism, or hatred in our ranks.’

radical

Britain’s exit from the EU will cause a more radical change in its relationship with Ireland than the 1916 Easter Rising and partition.

rally

Police deployed gas to disperse crowds in Phoenix, Arizona, after protesters outside a rally by US President Donald Trump threw rocks and bottles.

ratify

On August 22, 1872, West Virginians narrowly ratified a new state constitution by less than 5,000 votes.

rebel

Hizballah says hundreds of Syrian rebels and civilians have started leaving the Lebanon-Syria border area.

referendum

David Miliband has called for a second referendum on Brexit.

reform

The Scottish Government is being urged to consider further reform of its business rates system.

refugee

The number of refugees and migrants risking the sea journey between Morocco and Spain has been rising sharply.

regime

As the Syrian regime attacks ISIS near Damascus and US-led coalition forces close in on Raqqa, the region’s power dynamics are changing.

representation

Judd said the government’s approach to Maori representation on councils was unfair and inconsistent.

representative

Today’s transport summit agreed that a representative body of political, business and other leaders should be set up to speak with one voice for the North.

republic

Bill Shorten says it is entirely possible for Australians to vote for a republic and still respect Queen Elizabeth.

resign

In the wake of two train derailments in a span of five days, Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu offered to resign from his post today.

revolution

Before the 1959 Cuban revolution, the US had backed Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista, who Fidel Castro sought to overthrow.

rhetoric

Canada’s foreign affairs minister’s office dismissed the remarks as “heated rhetoric”.

right

1) Stankov points to “the emergence of Donald Trump in the U.S.” and the success of right-wing populist parties in some European countries.
2) The rights of the five men accused of plotting the attacks of September 11, 2001 are being violated at Guantanamo Bay, an Irish observer has said.

riot

At least 37 people died in an hours-long jail riot in Venezuela’s southern state of Amazonas.

S

sanction

The United States is targeting Chinese and Russian entities and individuals with new sanctions in its push to pressure North Korea to back off its nuclear ambitions.

scandal

Investigators around the world are tracking the money trail to his bank accounts in what has become a billion-dollar scandal.

secession

Some white Southerners are again advocating for what the Confederacy tried and failed to do in the 1860s: secession from the Union.

security

The United States must value Pakistan’s role in Afghanistan and respect its security concerns.

senate

The leader of Australia’s rightwing One Nation party has been rebuked by the Turnbull government for entering the Senate chamber wearing a black burqa.

separatist

Separatists calling for the break-up of Nigeria have crossed a red line and the country’s unity is not negotiable, President Muhammadu Buhari said.

slogan

Kenyatta is running on the slogan of tano tena, which translates into “five more years.”

social democracy

Alhaji Huudu Yahaya has stated that social democracy is the best system of government to help Africa’s development agenda.

socialism

Even if Bernie Sanders in 2016 and Jeremy Corbyn in 2017 did not win their respective elections, they showed that democratic socialism is back as an electorally viable proposition.

solidarity

Around a hundred protesters rallied in solidarity with jailed Hong Kong land rights protesters in front of the Hong Kong Economic, Trade and Cultural Office in Taipei.

sovereignty

Spain will not seek to block a Brexit agreement by attempting to regain sovereignty over Gibraltar, the country’s foreign minister has confirmed.

speech

Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong will deliver his 2017 National Day Rally speech on Sunday.

stability

A referendum at this time might result in problems and damage the stability in the region.

state

Palestinian officials have called on the UK to recognize an independent Palestinian state.

strategy

Donald Trump’s new strategy for the war in Afghanistan has been praised by Afghan government officials.

struggle

India played a key moral role in international affairs during the anti-colonial struggles and as a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement during the cold war.

subsidy

But the level of subsidy for Britain’s bus network is much lower than for rail.

successor

Zimbabwe’s first lady, Grace Mugabe, has challenged her 93-year-old husband Robert to name his preferred successor as president.

suffrage

Muriel came to England in 1905, aged 28, and joined the fight for women’s suffrage.

supporter

Ousted Thai prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra told supporters not to gather outside the country’s top court on Friday.

T

taxpayer

Tory MP Nigel Evans hit out at the “spiralling” waste of taxpayers’ money on Big Ben.

tension

Macedonia and neighboring Serbia have committed to overcome “possible misunderstandings” following a brief spot of diplomatic tension that saw Serbia remove its entire embassy staff from Skopje.

territory

Kim Jong-un has released a terrifying propaganda video threatening missile strikes on the US territory of Guam.

terrorism

Thousands of Muslims joined vigils in Barcelona to condemn terrorism and show their support for the victims of the recent attacks.

totalitarian

Dr Wojciech warned that future totalitarian regimes might not precisely resemble those of the past – which might make them harder to stave off.

tradition

America has a long tradition of rising up and firing those in power.

treaty

The forthcoming treaty between Britain and the European Union will shape Ireland’s future as much as the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921.

turnout

The by-election to the Bawana Assembly constituency on Wednesday was marked by low turnout, with 45% of the registered voters turning up.

U

utopia

Utopian thinkers are often dismissed as dreamers, madmen or heretics.

V

values

The central religious authority would promote an interpretation of Islam that was in line with British values.

vote

For the first time ever, prisoners in Kenya were allowed to vote for president.