The O’Reilly collection has a large number of ebooks in both the For Dummies and the (Complete) Idiot’s Guide series.
Titles in the For Dummies series include:
The (Complete) Idiot’s Guides include:
The O’Reilly collection has a large number of ebooks in both the For Dummies and the (Complete) Idiot’s Guide series.
Titles in the For Dummies series include:
The (Complete) Idiot’s Guides include:
How to Argue is a book by the lawyer Jonathan Herring.
Do you hate arguments and avoid them at all costs? Or do you
just find that you keep losing them? Perhaps even when you
win, somehow you feel it has all been counter-productive?
If so, this is the book for you. It will teach you how to argue
The book lists 10 golden rules:
It is available through O’Reilly, which UEA Library has (temporary?) access to. You will need to register using your UEA email address.
Most of the books and videos on O’Reilly are IT-related, but there are other topics, such as professional communication (e.g. writing and presenting).
The questions in this section are based on an invented language called Dobla.
|tashu duset sekar||The diplomat seduces the daughter.|
|tine betsut vardar||The maid helps the valet.|
|betsu tinet sirehar||Does the valet love the maid?|
|claru bichut sudar||The earl consults the butler.|
|vardehar bichu kochet||Does the butler help the cook?|
|pante sirar tomut||The scullery-maid loves the footman.|
|rokar elede duset||The countess summons the daughter.|
|clarut tikehar mage||Does the dowager rebuke the earl?|
The invented language is Kalaamfaadi.
|Felhom ghrabop karhyd||The farmer hates the crow|
|Milkyd felhom rassop||The farmer owns a gun|
|Tayrom rassop karhyd||The bird hates the gun|
|Sadyd tayrop sabyom||The boy helps the bird|
|Bussyd felhop ghrabom||The crow sees the farmer|
|Extayrop felhom talkyd||The farmer shoots the birds|
|Exsabyom extalkyd felhop||The boys shoot the farmer|
Test 1 is from a test taken by Oxford University applicants who want to study classics. Test 2 is from a test for Oxford applicants in Oriental Studies.
Source: LRB blog. For likely answers to the questions, see the comments.
Tatoeba is a database of sentences and translations. Enter a phrase and it shows example sentences in several languages.
For example, a search for get drunk finds 95 English sentences, such as:
Let's get drunk. Don't get drunk. Tom is getting drunk. I never get drunk. Getting drunk won't make things better.
Sentences come with a varying number of translations.
Tom gets drunk almost every evening. トムはほぼ毎晩酔っ払う。 Том се пијани скоро секоја вечер. Том напивается почти каждый вечер. Tom se emborracha casi todas las noches. Tom hemen hemen her akşam sarhoş oluyor. Том напивається майже кожного вечора.
Some sentences have been given tags such as “present continuous”, which you can then search for:
You are abusing your authority. My heart's aching. My brother is always acting foolishly.
Some sentences include sound recordings.
The Shtooka Project is a collection of sound recordings of words and sentences in several languages.
For example, here is the English word university:
Learning English with Oxford is a new blog from Oxford University Press.
So far there are only a few posts. For example, a list of cat idioms:
The blog says, “Keep practising these phrases to improve your fluency.” It does not explain why you should memorize 15 obscure idioms that happen to include the word cat.
But perhaps (to use another idiom) people in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones.
Oxford’s online English dictionary has moved to Lexico.com.
Besides the dictionary and thesaurus, there are sections on grammar, spelling, writing, punctuation, word origins, etc.
For example, do you know the longest one-syllable English words? There are several that have nine letters:
(Phonetic transcriptions from toPhonetics.)
Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries are still at oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com.
Autumn is here! Do you know all of these words? They are commonly found on the same web pages as autumn.
Source: iWeb Corpus
According to the Antimoon website:
typical English classes are not an effective way to learn English. They produce very slow progress, especially after you reach the intermediate level. Most learners, after years of attending classes, cannot speak English without making a lot of mistakes in grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation.
Instead, the Antimoon Method requires “massive amounts of input”, such as reading 60 pages and listening to 6 hours of English every week. It advises you not to focus on grammar rules. You should try to eliminate mistakes early on.
The site identifies seven myths:
You can read more about the Antimoon Method here.
The New Statesman is, in its own words, “the leading progressive political and cultural magazine in the United Kingdom.” It has been published since 1913.
Unless you subscribe, there is only limited access to the website, but you can read the magazine via EBSCOhost.
Other British political magazines include:
The OED says -naut forms words with the sense of voyager or traveller. Here are some more examples:
The word juggernaut (a heavy lorry) has quite a different etymology.
From an article in the British Psychological Society’s Research Digest:
The article includes links to the supporting research, some of which might be rigorous.
There is also a podcast, How to Learn a New Language, which reports that you may be able to boost vocabulary learning during sleep.
The Oxford English Dictionary picks a word each day. They tend to be “hard” or unusual words.
Recent picks include:
For example, one episode is How to be Funnier:
Can psychology help us to be funnier? Our presenter Ginny Smith hears how a key ingredient of humour is “incongruity” and the surprise of unexpected meanings. Individual words too can be amusing, but actually most of the time we laugh not because we’ve seen or heard a joke, but as a natural part of friendly interaction.
Besides the podcasts themselves, each episode is accompanied by links to background reading.
So far there are seventeen episodes:
Microhistory, according to Wikipedia, “is a genre of history writing which focuses on small units of research, such as an event, community, individual, or a settlement.”
UEA’s School of Politics, Philosophy, Language and Communication Studies has a politics blog called Eastminster.
While it appears to be written entirely by two people called Editor and Admin, closer inspection reveals the actual authors.
Some examples of posts:
Lonweb or Languages-on-the-web has some stories and other texts translated from English into other languages. The texts are displayed in parallel.
For example, this is the beginning of a story in Indonesian and English:
|Pencarian untuk Lorna||The search for Lorna|
|Daisy Hamilton adalah seorang detektif swasta.||Daisy Hamilton was a private detective.|
|Dia berumur 30 tahun dan telah menjadi detektif dalam dua tahun ini.||She was thirty years old and had been a detective for the past two years.|
|Tiap pagi dia pergi ke kantornya untuk menunggu panggilan telpon atau membukakan pintu bagi klien yang membutuhkan pelayanannya.||Every morning she went to her office to wait for phone calls or open the door to clients needing her services.|
Other languages include Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Russian, Thai and Turkish.
Note: INTO Resource Centre has a few books of parallel texts (English with Chinese, Japanese, Russian or Spanish), like this one:
For men, studying creative arts, English or philosophy results in lower average earnings than if they hadn’t gone to university at all:
For women there are no subjects with negative returns, but studying creative arts increases earnings by only 9%. (For medicine it’s 75%.)
So if you want to earn more money, study the subjects on the right of the graph: economics, medicine, architecture, business, law, etc.
On the other hand, there is at least one thing that money can’t buy.
In Lingthusiasm Episode 33 Lauren Gawne and Gretchen McCulloch discuss spelling.
Gretchen: I think of spelling systems across languages as kind of like living in a house. When you first move into a house, you unpack everything and you hopefully say, “Okay. I’m gonna be organised this time.” And you say, “This is where everything’s gonna go.” But the longer you’ve lived in a house, the more random boxes of stuff in the attic you have.
Lauren: English has lived in the house of the Latin alphabet for a very long time.
A bar chart race is an animated bar chart that shows changes over time.
For example, the top 10 countries by CO2 emissions per capita from 1800 to 2014:
The most populous cities in the world from 1500 to 2018 (with audio commentary):
You can make your own bar chart races at Flourish.
Source: Economics in Action
Oxford University Press has a YouTube channel, Oxford Academic, with videos on many topics.
For example, there are some Very Short Introductions to human evolution, behavioural economics, fungi, William Shakespeare, Iran, Buddhism, neoliberalism, etc.
Here is Professor Jones of Norwich Business School on branding:
The union catalogue WorldCat has listed the 100 novels which are found in the most libraries.
Of these the top 10 are:
The complete list is here.
Search is now done from the main UEA Library page. Choose either the BOOKS & EBOOKS or JOURNAL ARTICLES tab.
Results for print books now show the library floor. For an ebook, click on the View eBook link.
Results for journal articles are much the same as before (but the books have gone). Research Starters are now labelled Start Your Research.
The library has made some videos to help you, including this one:
Herman Melville was born 200 years ago today (1st August 1819). He was an American writer.
His novel Moby-Dick (1851) is the story of Captain Ahab’s obsessive quest for revenge on Moby Dick, a gigantic white whale that bit off his leg. The novel begins:
Call me Ishmael. Some years ago—never mind how long precisely—having little or no money in my purse, and nothing particular to interest me on shore, I thought I would sail about a little and see the watery part of the world.
Primo Levi was born 100 years ago today (31st July 1919). He was an Italian Jewish chemist, writer and Holocaust survivor.
He wrote If This Is a Man (1947) and The Truce (1963) about his time in Auschwitz and his journey home.
The Periodic Table (1975) is a collection of autobiographical short stories. Each story is named after a chemical element which played some part in his life – argon, hydrogen, zinc, and so on.
Tim Radford writes in Nature:
In The Periodic Table, Primo Levi — scientist, poet, writer — makes chemistry a metaphor for his life. But it becomes more than that. Chemistry shapes his life, defines his life, in Auschwitz even saves his life. It becomes his living. In the end, chemistry becomes everything: life itself.
The Public Domain Review is “dedicated to the exploration of curious and compelling works from the history of art, literature, and ideas”, especially works in the public domain.
It has essays on a variety of topics. For example:
There are also collections of images, books, films and sound recordings.
Retraction Watch is a blog that reports on retractions of academic articles.
A retraction is a statement in an academic journal that an article previously published in the journal is not valid after all. Usually this is because of plagiarism, fraud or serious errors. For example, in 2010 The Lancet retracted a notorious paper by Andrew Wakefield and others (published 12 years earlier) that linked the MMR vaccine to autism.
The referencing tool Zotero now checks the Retraction Watch database to ensure you are not using a retracted source in your research.
Music tracks are categorized by genre (e.g. ambient, cinematic, classical, pop, reggae) and mood (dark, funky, sad, etc.). You can listen to them online and download them as MP3 files.
Here is “Bubble Walk” by Aaron Lieberman (categorized as ambient and funky):
There is also a large collection of sound effects. These include Creaking Wooden Door, Dissecting a Body, Human Eating Watermelon, Subway NYC In Motion, Thunderstorm, Laundromat Sounds and so on.
This is a Monster Alien Grunt Hiss:
Because Internet : Understanding the New Rules of Language, by linguist Gretchen McCulloch, is a guide to the way internet language is evolving.
She explains how your first social internet experience influences whether you prefer “LOL” or “lol,” why ~sparkly tildes~ succeeded where centuries of proposals for irony punctuation had failed, what emoji have in common with physical gestures, and how the artfully disarrayed language of animal memes like lolcats and doggo made them more likely to spread.
The title comes from the online use of because plus noun. For example:
The book is out tomorrow.
The London School of Economics Students’ Union Economics Society has an essay competition.
Entry is open to students in their final two years of secondary school, or in sixth form college (including students taking A-Level, the International Baccalaureate, or any other equivalent curriculum). Entrants do not have to be studying at schools within the UK – we accept essays from any school from all countries!
This year the questions are:
The deadline is 1st August.
Source: Why Study Economics?
The website Statista provides statistics and charts on business, industry, etc. Now you can easily cite them in your assignments. For example:
On the right of this chart’s Statista page you can see the Citation option:
Choose Harvard and you get this reference:
Facebook. (2019). Number of monthly active Facebook users worldwide as of 1st quarter 2019 (in millions). Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: July 17, 2019. https://www.statista.com/statistics/264810/number-of-monthly-active-facebook-users-worldwide/
You can copy this reference and paste it into your assignment.
UEA Library has a collection of ebooks on journalism. For example:
There are more ebooks via ProQuest Ebook Central.
How many did you get? semantics, phonetics, syntax, typology, discourse, grammar, lexicography, dialectology, pedagogy, literacy, orthography, rhetoric, graphemics, documentation, semiotics, stylistics, vocabulary, implicature, phonotactics, iconicity, articulation, philology
Stephen B. Heard, whose blog Scientist Sees Squirrel we mentioned last week, is a biologist at the University of New Brunswick in Canada. He has written a book, The scientist’s guide to writing (Princeton University Press, 2016).
In the preface he says, “This book is designed for students and early-career scientists across the natural sciences (including mathematics).” There is a chapter for non-native speakers of English.
From the chapter titled Brevity:
Now, that was fun to write, but if advising writers to “be brief ” was all it took, you and I could both just skip this chapter. We can’t. I’ve reviewed, formally or informally, somewhere around a thousand manuscripts over my career, and all but a handful should have been shorter.
You can read the book online through UEA Library.
There are, of course, other books on scientific writing: for example, Writing science by Joshua Schimel, and Academic writing for international students of science by Jane Bottomley (printed copies in the Resource Centre).
Update: Also Mastering Academic Writing in the Sciences : A Step-By-Step Guide by Marialuisa Aliotta.
From Stephen B. Heard’s blog Scientist Sees Squirrel:
If you’re like me, you’re continually frustrated by the fact that undergraduate students struggle to understand statistics. Actually, that’s putting it mildly: a large fraction of undergraduates simply refuse to understand statistics; mention a requirement for statistical data analysis in your course and you’ll get eye-rolling, groans, or (if it’s early enough in the semester) a rash of course-dropping.
Heard argues that:
we consistently underemphasize the single most important thing about statistics: that this complication is an illusion. In fact, every significance test works exactly the same way.
He goes on to explain how statistics classes can be made simpler.
A study of scientific papers has found that these days they are harder to read.
Here, in a corpus consisting of 707 452 scientific abstracts published between 1881 and 2015 from 122 influential biomedical journals, we show that the readability of science is steadily decreasing. Further, we demonstrate that this trend is indicative of a growing usage of general scientific jargon.
The authors conclude:
more than a quarter of scientific abstracts now have a readability considered beyond college graduate level English.
So if you find a scientific article hard to understand, it may not be your fault!
The Little Book of Norwich by Neil R. Storey was published in 2015.
This book does not pretend to be a history, concise almanac or even a guide to Norwich; instead it is a collection of ephemeral, nostalgic and miscellaneous facts about a city brimming with history and full of fascinating stories.
It has chapters on unrest, royalty, crime, entertainment, sport, religion, food and many other topics.
For example, in 1272 the citizens of Norwich burned down the local monastery, killed many people and looted everything of value. The King arrived to punish the ringleaders, who were subsequently hanged. Even the Pope got involved.
Seven hundred years later (in 1971) boxing champion Muhammad Ali visited Norwich – to promote Ovaltine.
You can read the book online via UEA Library.
As many of our students know, SPSS is a computer program (aka software application) used for statistical analysis. UEA Library has several ebooks about SPSS, including:
INTO Resource Centre has a print copy of Discovering Statistics Using IBM SPSS Statistics by Andy Field.
UEA Library is changing its library management software. The current system is antique (over 17 years old) and needs replacing.
Your borrowing history and saved searches will not be preserved, but you can download them before 20th July.
Read all about it on UEA’s website.
HSTalks are video lectures and case studies. UEA has access to the Business & Management Collection, which consists of 1,222 talks, 53 of which have been published so far this year.
The lectures are accompanied by slides. Some have transcripts and subtitles, while some include questions.
For example: Tesco: how supply chain strategy supports retail success by Prof. Leigh Sparks of the University of Stirling. This is a “Bite-size Case Study” and lasts about 10 minutes.
ScienceAlert is a science news website.
Every day it has several news items on nature, health, space, tech, the environment, etc.
Lander Hawes’s blog offers study advice to international students.
Lander used to teach English at INTO UEA. When not teaching, he puts on dark glasses and rows boats. He also has a Facebook page.
You’re not supposed to cite Wikipedia in your assignments, but hey, let’s stick it to the man. And there are occasions when citing Wikipedia is appropriate. Maybe you’re writing an assignment about Wikipedia!
For the year of publication, use the year when the Wikipedia page was last modified. This information appears at the bottom of the page:
This page was last modified on 17 August 2017, at 17:34.
Here is the format for a Harvard reference to a Wikipedia article about lithic flakes (archaeology).
(‘Title of article’, Year)
Channel flakes are caused by the fluting of particular Paleo-Indian projectile points ('Lithic flake', 2017).
‘Title of article’ (Year) Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/… (Accessed: date).
'Lithic flake' (2017) Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithic_flake (Accessed: 26 June 2019).
The same format is used when citing other wikis:
'Caxambu Style Borborygmus Potion' (2018) Harry Potter Wiki. Available at: https://harrypotter.fandom.com/wiki/Leaky_Cauldron (Accessed: 27 June 2019). 'Corybas limpidus' (2018) Wikispecies. Available at: https://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Corybas_limpidus (Accessed: 27 June 2019). 'Law of Cosines/Proof 3' (2016) Proof Wiki. Available at: https://proofwiki.org/wiki/Law_of_Cosines/Proof_3 (Accessed: 27 June 2019).
The Sherlock Holmes stories have been adapated many times for television and the cinema. The TV series that is most faithful to the stories is probably the one made by Granada Television between 1984 and 1994 and starring Jeremy Brett as Holmes.
There were seven seasons, grouped as follows. (The links go to playlists in BoB, where you can watch the entire series.)
Episodes can also be found on YouTube.
The original Sherlock Holmes stories by Arthur Conan Doyle consist of four novels and 56 short stories, published between 1887 and 1927.
The novels are:
The short stories are collected in five volumes:
A Study in Scarlet is the book in which Dr Watson first meets Sherlock Holmes, and therefore perhaps the best book to start with. If you prefer short stories, you could start with The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
These are not computer games, but require pencils and paper, scissors, tennis balls, etc.
The definitions of four SI base units – the kilogram, ampere, kelvin and mole – have been changed.
The new definitions are based on fixed numerical values of the Planck constant (h), the elementary charge (e), the Boltzmann constant (k) and the Avogadro constant (NA) respectively. They came into force on 20th May.
The seven SI base units are:
The smartphone you may be using right now to look at this unique Periodic Table is made up of some 30 elements – over half of which may give cause for concern in the years to come because of increasing scarcity. The issue of element scarcity cannot be stressed enough. With some 10 million smartphones being discarded or replaced every month in the European Union alone, we need to carefully look at our tendencies to waste and improperly recycle such items.
The periodic table pictured is available as a PDF.
Shockingly, not all of our business students seem to know about Dilbert.
The comic strip has now been running for 30 years.
A podcast that’s enthusiastic about linguistics! Make your boring commute or chores feel like a lively, nerdy, language-y dinner party with real linguists! Gretchen McCulloch (All Things Linguistic) and Lauren Gawne (Superlinguo) bring you into fascinating and hilarious half-hour conversations about the patterns behind language which you never realized you were already saying.
A new episode comes out every month. You can listen to the podcasts and/or read the transcripts. There is (so far) a single video episode, Why do we gesture when we talk?
Some recent topics:
English teachers and students of a certain age may remember The Lost Secret, a BBC Education video course from 1986.
The course is aimed at lower-level students. There are 11 episodes of 13 minutes, each focusing on particular language points.
If your first language is not English, you may use a dictionary in any examination at INTO and UEA unless it is expressly forbidden – for example, during an English language test.
It must be a translation dictionary (e.g. Chinese-English) from one of these series:
It may be a good idea to buy one of these dictionaries, as you can use it throughout your time at both INTO and UEA. Prices range from about £4 to £14.
The Smithsonian Channel is a collection of short educational videos on science and other subjects. For example:
The videos have subtitles. There are other video categories at the Smithsonian’s main Videos page.
The Age of Uncertainty is a BBC television series about the evolution of economic thought from Adam Smith onwards. It was written and presented by the post-Keynsian economist John Kenneth Galbraith and broadcast in 1977.
In response the free-market economist Milton Friedman made a TV series called Free to Choose.
Among the films and TV programmes on Netflix are some business documentaries. These ones are currently available in the UK:
Learn English with Cambridge is a new YouTube channel, with videos presented by five youngish teachers.
The videos so far:
World of Better Learning is a blog about English language teaching, from Cambridge University Press.
Posts are written by various people and divided into three categories: Insights, Techniques and Tools. There are also audio and video presentations.
Nineteen Eighty-Four is a novel by George Orwell. It was published in June 1949 – 70 years ago this month. It has been translated into numerous languages.
In the year 1984 Britain is a province of a superstate ruled by the Party. It is a society of meaningless slogans and worship of the Party leader, Big Brother. There is no privacy and dissent is punished by torture, brainwashing and death. The main character in the novel, Winston Smith, tries to rebel against the system.
The ELT Journal has been published since 1946. Until 1981 it had a section called The Question Box, which answered readers’ questions. Three examples from the earliest issues:
Question: I have recently come across fry-pan for frying-pan. Is this form considered correct?
Answer: Fry-pan is not accepted as standard English and is considered incorrect by most grammarians. It is probably an American form. Similar forms are swim-suit and fly-bomb, both to be found in newspapers in Great Britain. It is likely that such forms will spread and be accepted in time. Grammarians will explain that the correct forms are swimming suit, made up of the noun suit modified by the gerund swimming (a suit for swimming), and flying-bomb, made up of the noun bomb and the participle flying (a bomb that flies). The ordinary user of language does not trouble himself about nice distinctions between gerunds and participles. If the root form of the verb (fry, swim and fly) expresses the meaning, the gain in brevity will in time probably result in the adoption of the shorter forms.
ELT Journal (1946) ‘The Question Box’, 1(2), pp. 50-51. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/1.2.50-b
Question: Should we, in English, use Netherland or Netherlands as an attributive adjective? The bank named after the Midlands is the Midland Bank, and the regiment that derives its name from the highlands is called the Highland Light Infantry.
Answer: Usage requires the use of the plural form, as in The Netherlands Indies. For the foreign student of English it would be helpful if there were uniformity in these matters, but unfortunately there is not uniformity.
ELT Journal (1947) ‘The Question Box’, 1(7), p. 198. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/1.7.198
Question: Which is preferable: an opportunity (chance) to see you or an opportunity (chance) of seeing you ?
Answer: Both are correct and there is no preference either way.
ELT Journal (1947) ‘The Question Box’, 2(2), p. 54. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/II.2.50
Did you know that “winter denotes a season of the year, but connotes cold weather”?
Other sections include grammar, punctuation and spelling.
The United States Foreign Services Institute groups languages into four categories, according to the average time required for an English-speaking learner to become proficient in them. For example:
Language Log has produced an alternative ranking of language difficulty, based on a survey of the blog’s readers. These are some examples. The higher the score, the harder the language (e.g. written Chinese at 5.11 is harder than Spanish at 1.7).
Many Chinese students adopt English names while studying in English-speaking countries. This article in Language, Culture and Curriculum explores why.
For example, when asked “Why do you use an English name?” (multiple responses allowed), students answered as follows:
A few months ago Twitter had a game with the hashtag #UnscienceAnAnimal.
The idea was to compose funny labels for the anatomies of various animals. such as the scalloped hammerhead shark (pictured).
Examples of labels are wiggly bits, scary part, booper, floof, squirt hole and so on.
Source: American Scientist
To create an essay, just enter three keywords: for example, international + students + Britain.
Educatee has not, and probably never will be debauched but not excessive. Society will always mortify international; some at executioner and others to the area of theory of knowledge. Great Britain which might be the allusion lies in the search for semantics together with the realm of semiotics. Seeing as international annotates postlapsarian utterances, humanity should incarcerate United Kingdom immediately.
As I have learned in my theory of knowledge class, educatee is the most fundamental analysis of humankind. While interference transmits plasmas, the same pendulum may counteract two different gamma rays at a scrutinization. The plasma inverts to oscillate. Information for the reprobate is not the only thing a neuron on comments which provision the people in question implodes; it also receives a neuron of Britain. From disseminating dictators, particularism with students can be more equitably proliferated. The assumption that should analytically be mastication and laments a demolisher by educatee changes the recondite United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The casuistry of reports, often on epitome, enjoins International. The more patter is lavish, pertinacious, and contemptuous, the more celebrations to an authentication for the administration magnetize the authorization or matriculate. Additionally, presumption, especially with demarcations, authorizes pupil. My retort accedes. Even so, knowing that a probe will be the quarrel that expedites demonstrations, many of the assassins at my pledge provide recount. Our personal salver for the response we contravene may hastily be an excessively atrocious declaration but articulates the inspection. Admiration that proceeds of Great Britain arranges exposures to altruists with my agronomist equally. an apprentice is scrupulously peripheral, not a reprover on executioner. In my reality class, just about all of the commencements for our personal explanation with the inquiry we surround intensify scenarios or surprise fetish. Because most of the circumscriptions are occluded by student, propagandists which hovers adhere to the same extent of student.
The regrettable Britain, frequently on the allegation, might be synecdoche. As a result of commencing, an abundance of United Kingdom can be more rapaciously sequestered. Additionally, students, typically at increasing advocates, can remarkably be the circumstance and is prelapsarian, pusillanimous, and professed. Our personal account by the avocation we perform intercedes. an oration should, still yet, be squalid in the extent to which we promulgate proclamations but concede the assiduously but probingly blustering excommunication. In my experience, all of the assemblies to my civilization compensate agriculturalists for plethora. Pupil which recounts confrontation appeases assimilationists but aggregates validation at our personal agronomist with the orator we complete too. an allegation for malcontent is livid yet somehow assiduous, not a device that will be the development. Our personal precinct on the admonishment we attenuate gloats. Abandonment that might vehemently be the allegation to Britain changes International which is vehement but not frugal and edifies comptroller.
Britain will always be a component of human society. Nonetheless, armed with the knowledge that the query verifies domains which bluster or commission pilfering, some of the inquiries by my injunction enlighten the performances involved. By the fact that adjurations are belittled of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, a dictate at United Kingdom can be more culpably delineated. Educatee has not, and doubtlessly never will be eternally masochistic. International is the most generous diagnosis of human life.
If this fools an automated scoring system, maybe it could also fool your teacher…
Work, the what’s-its-name of the thingummy and the thing-um-a-bob of the what d’you-call-it.
– P. G. Wodehouse
Fortunately, I had all this wreckage to build a space swapping doodah-thingy-whatsit.
– The Sarah Jane Adventures (TV series)
English has several words for a thing or person whose name you don’t know or can’t remember or can’t be bothered to say. For example:
The ICAO Radiotelephony Alphabet (aka NATO Phonetic Alphabet) is a spelling alphabet used to say letters aloud on the radio or telephone. It is used internationally by airlines, armed forces, the police, etc.
It can also be used by international students when (for example) spelling their names. So, if your family name is Zhang, you would say Zulu Hotel Alfa November Golf.
Picture from NATO:
English language learners can measure the size of their English vocabulary at VocabularySize.com.
There is an online test of 140 questions. Teachers can create class tests.
It has been claimed that you need to know at least 98% of the words in a text to be able to understand it fairly easily. On this basis you need a vocabulary size of 8,000 to 9,000 words to read a newspaper.
A study of 205 international foundation students concludes that overall IELTS score (OIS) “is not a good predictor of overall receptive vocabulary size. The data shows the relationship is particularly weak for Chinese students.”
Students with OIS scores as high as 6.5 and 7.0 are likely to still encounter a large number of unknown words in writing intended for educated native-speakers and it should not be assumed that a student with OIS 7.0 has no further need for acquiring language. Many students at the lower end of the range of receptive vocabulary knowledge evident at IOS 5.5 and 6.0 will face what is likely to be an insurmountable level of difficulty in reading authentic academic texts…
Drummond, A. (2018) ‘Investigating the Relationship between IELTS Scores and Receptive Vocabulary Size‘, Journal of the Foundation Year Network, 1, pp.113-125.
The Open Dictionary is Macmillan’s crowdsourced dictionary, where you can suggest new words and expressions for us to add. The Open Dictionary started in 2009, and since then more than 4000 new words and phrases have been added. About half of these new words have been “promoted” to become full entries in the Macmillan Dictionary.
The Macmillan Thesaurus provides not only synonyms but also related words.
You can also browse for words under a hierarchy of topics. For example:
There are many technical terms used to describe grammar, vocabulary, etc. For example: determiner, inflection, morphology, subordinate clause, transitive verb.
Some glossaries have been compiled to help English teachers in British schools:
Glossary for the programmes of study for English [PDF]
UK Government: Department for Education
About 80 terms, for use in primary schools.*
Survey of English Usage, University College London
Includes the glossary above, with additional entries and explanations.
Grammatical terminology for schools
Linguistics Association of Great Britain
About 300 terms, for use in secondary schools.
*Apparently Michael Gove insisted on the inclusion of subjunctive.
Kevin Stroud makes podcasts about the history of the English language.
So far he has recorded 124 episodes and only reached the 14th century!
All Things Linguistic describes them as “Meticulously researched, professionally produced and engaging”.
They are free to listen to and download.
Students at UEA and INTO UEA have free access to all of Norfolk’s museums.
There are 10 museums, three of them in Norwich:
Norwich Castle includes the Art Gallery and (until September) an exhibition of Viking objects.
To get in free, just show your campus card at the front desk of each museum.
Pictured: a coin of King Prasutagus.
The Renaissance polymath Leonardo da Vinci died 500 years ago today, on May 2nd, 1519. He was a painter, sculptor, draughtsman, architect, designer, engineer, inventor, writer, astronomer, musician, mathematician, cartographer, geologist, anatomist, botanist and scientist.